Finding income opportunities in bonds and equities
12 February 2014
Jeff Brunton, Head of Credit Markets
Michael Price, Co-Head Australian Equities
Retirees will always require a steady source of income to meet their financial needs, and of paramount importance will be the need to ensure they have enough funds to last them through retirement. With Australians facing the prospect of a longer retirement, many investors are now realising that the income based financial products of the past may not fully meet their financial needs.
In this article, Jeff Brunton, Head of Credit Markets, and Michael Price, Co-Head of Australian Equities, explore the various options available to investors who will be relying on an income stream to fund their living expenses. We look at the opportunities available in equity and fixed income markets, and discuss why it’s important investors consider products that can provide capital growth and protection from the unknown.
A challenging yield climate
Lower cash rates and government bond yields have prompted a widespread hunt for income-producing investments. Although rates are likely to head up when the economy shows sustained signs of improvement, the yield climate will probably remain challenging for the foreseeable future. As a consequence, demand for investments such as dividend paying stocks and investment grade corporate bonds is likely to remain high.
For an investor entering retirement, holding a well-diversified, actively managed portfolio will be key. Growth and defensive assets both play an important part of the asset mix to meet the longer-term needs of retirees. However, the proportion of the portfolio that’s dedicated to equities or bonds will largely depend on what age the investor plans to retire, and how much capital they’ve accumulated.
Income with a focus on preserving wealth
The case for bonds
Bonds aim to preserve capital, making them the ideal place for people who don’t want to suffer losses, such as those approaching retirement. Looking over the past 10 years, the worst year for investment grade bonds was 2008 when they lost 5.1%. Compare this with global equities which fell around 40% that same year. As well as their defensive characteristics, we believe corporate bonds are currently offering superior yield for risk. A typical diversified corporate bond fund currently offers a yield of around 5% per annum (as measured by the AMP Capital Corporate Bond Fund in November 2013) while the Australian 3 year government bond is yielding just over 3% (as of November 2013). Although many corporate issuers have healthy balance sheets, they’re not being rewarded for this, and the excess yield offered by corporate bonds over government bonds has subsequently remained high.
Watch out for the red flags
While there is a strong case for investments offering a decent yield, it needs to be acknowledged that this can come with its pitfalls. The dangers that can be encountered while seeking yield in today’s low yield environment have just as much potential to derail retirement for unsuspecting investors as some of the dangers that can be found when seeking high levels of capital growth.
For corporate bonds, higher yields mean more credit and liquidity risks. Therefore, to lessen the risk of capital loss, investors should take the time to really understand the securities they’re buying. Some of the red flags to look out for include companies that have made major capital outlays and large acquisitions, as they may be susceptible to unforeseen risks. Also, any changes in the corporate strategy of the issuer can signal a change in credit risk. For example, companies that are deleveraging are generally attractive fixed income investments, however companies that are releveraging should be avoided.
Higher yields for quality securities
Woolworths – Australia’s largest food and liquor retailer – is an example of a company with strong credit fundamentals that operates in a very favourable duopoly-like environment. With this security, investors have gained exposure to stable non-discretionary cash-flows whilst earning a very attractive coupon of 6% per annum, or a yield of 4.5% as of November 2013.
Steady income that grows over time
The case for dividend-paying equities
One way to access a steady source of income with exposure to capital growth is through dividend-paying equities. In addition to the growth available from equities, they can also provide a remarkably stable income for investors, that can also grow as a company’s share price grows.
Areas of opportunity
A market which is currently providing attractive income opportunities is Australian equities. As shown in the chart opposite, dividends from Australian equities have been more stable than cash for the past 50 years. The chart plots the frequency distribution of official Australian cash rates and Australian dividend yields, taking one sample point for each of the past fifty one years. It can be seen that, in the past, dividends have been far more tightly clustered (or more reliable) than cash rates.
Watch out for the red flags
It’s critical when investing in income-producing equities that investors focus on opportunities that have a track record of delivering reliable earnings and distribution growth. Yes, healthy dividends are important, but they shouldn’t be at the expense of all earnings growth. An investor needs to ensure that future earnings, and therefore dividends, can be maintained or can grow. It’s worth remembering that high dividend stocks don’t always equate to sustainable income. There have been many examples where companies with negative earnings outlooks, or highly geared or distressed companies, have issued high dividends. These dividend payments have eaten into the company’s capital base, making it difficult for the organisation to invest for its future growth. So, it pays to invest with a manager who will thoroughly research stocks, understand the fundamental characteristics of the company they’re investing in, and ensure your retirement income is sustainable.
An income investment checklist!
Look for companies that:
Deliver the expected dividend
Can maintain their dividends over time
Don’t reduce the total return of the portfolio
Are likely to outperform the overall market
Australian equities have been more stable than cash
Source: AMP Capital as of 31 December 2012. S&P/ASX 200 Index.
About the authors
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